The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail from the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed by the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Hours in the colonies, some of which are still around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of the latest York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became referred to as Old Boston Post Road, which is element of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and it is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania as well as a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications in one plantation to another one.
Above all, Thomas Neale received a twenty-1 year grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin with a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of the latest Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt due to this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The federal government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who was postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for your colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man by the name of John Foxcroft of the latest York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time being a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements within the colonial posts. He immediately started to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue Login in the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were laid out. For the first time, post riders carried mail during the night between Philadelphia and Ny, and also the travel time had been shortened by 50 percent.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was outside of the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be utilized to enhance his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies come together to form a United Postal Service. He considered that this would be a way to separate the colonies’ mail from your British postal inspectors. This way they can communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal service to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties from the Crown for his actions. The crown believed that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish an independent government. One of the primary questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide you with the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin because the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that took over as the Post Office Store Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus towards the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as much others, to meet George Washington’s dream about an information highway in between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea ended up being to become united, Washington believed, that being a nation, we could forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line in the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the foundation of the postal service which has performed magnificently for your American people.